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INTRODUCTION "A society does more than simply exist in space. It also takes on a definite spatial form and it does soin two senses. First, it arranges people in space in that it locates them in relation to each other, with a greater or lesser degree of aggregation and separation, engendering patterns of movement and encounter that may be dense or sparse within or between different groupings. Second, it arranges space itself by means of buildings, boundaries, paths, markers, zones, and so on, so that the physical milieu of that society acquires a definiteand recognizable spatial order." (Hillier and Hanson, 1984)
As urban populations across the world continue to rise, our understanding of cities is becoming more important now than ever before. The demarcation of our physical and human landscape often creates a sense of place and belonging, but it is also a source of great division and constraint. The inner-workings of urban life are complex and multi-layered. Our world’s metropolises are a breeding ground for innovation, for culture, for individual and collective creativity, and for mitigating the impact of climate change. However they are places where problems such as unemployment, segregation and poverty are heavily concentrated.
The following work reflects on variety of topics including migration, economic mobility, housing provision and education in urban areas. It looks at the informal use of city spaces, the flow and flux of individuals and goods, and the experience of people and communities in Europe and further afield..